Michael Jackson (biography)
Born:- Michael Joseph Jackson
-August 29, 1958
-Gary, Indiana , U.S.
Died June 25, 2009 (aged 50)
Los Angeles , California , U.S.
Cause of death:
Cardiac arrest induced by propofol and benzodiazepine
Resting place Glendale, California , U.S.
Residence Los Olivos, California , U.S.
Occupation Singer songwriter dancer actor record producer
Net worth U.S. $1.178 billion (2009 estimate) 
-Jehovah’s Witness (1965–1987)
Spouse(s) Lisa Marie Presley
(m. 1994–1996; divorced)
Deborah Jeanne Rowe
(m. 1996–1999; divorced)
Children Michael Joseph Jackson, Jr.
Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson
Prince Michael Jackson II
Parent(s) Joseph Walter Jackson
Katherine Esther Scruse
Relatives See Jackson family
Genres Pop soul rhythm and blues funk rock disco post-disco
dance-pop new jack swing
Years active 1964–2009
Labels Steeltown Motown Epic Legacy Sony MJJ Productions
Michael Joseph Jackson(August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. Called the King of Pop , his contributions to music and dance, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.
The eighth child of the Jackson family, he debuted on the professional music scene along with his elder brothers Jackie , Tito, Jermaine , and Marlon as a member of the Jackson 5 in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music . The music videos for his songs, including those of ” Beat It “, ” Billie Jean “, and ” Thriller” from his 1982 album Thriller, were credited with breaking down racial barriers and with transforming the medium into an art form and promotional tool. The popularity of these videos helped to bring the then-relatively-new television channel MTV to fame.
His 1987 album Bad spawned the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles ” I Just Can’t Stop Loving You “, ” Bad “, ” The Way You Make Me Feel “, ” Man in the Mirror”, and ” Dirty Diana”, becoming the first album to have five number- one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. With videos such as ” Black or White ” and ” Scream”, he continued to innovate the medium throughout the 1990s, as well as forging a reputation as a touring solo artist.
Through stage and video performances, Jackson popularized a number of complicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk , to which he gave the name. His distinctive sound and style has influenced numerous artists of various music genres.
Life and career
1958–75: Early life and the Jackson 5 Jackson’s childhood home in Gary, Indiana , showing floral tributes after his death.
Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958. He was the eighth of ten children in an African-American working-class family who lived in a two-bedroom house on Jackson Street in Gary, Indiana , an industrial city and a part of the Chicago metropolitan area .
His mother, Katherine Esther Scruse , was a devout Jehovah’s Witness. She once aspired to be a country-and-western performer who played clarinet and piano, but worked part-time at Sears to help support the family.
His father, Joseph Walter “Joe” Jackson , a former boxer, was a steelworker at U.S. Steel . Joe also performed on guitar with a local rhythm and blues band called the Falcons to supplement the family’s household income.
Michael grew up with three sisters ( Rebbie , La Toya , and Janet ) and five brothers ( Jackie, Tito, Jermaine , Marlon , and Randy). A sixth brother, Marlon’s elder twin Brandon, died shortly after birth.
1975–81: Move to Epic and Off the Wall
In June 1975, the Jackson 5 signed with Epic Records, a subsidiary of CBS Records,and renamed themselves the Jacksons. Younger brother Randy formally joined the band around this time, while Jermaine chose to stay with Motown and pursue a solo career.The Jacksons continued to tour internationally, and released six more albums between 1976 and 1984.
Michael, the group’s lead songwriter during this time, wrote hits such as ” Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground) ” (1979), ” This Place Hotel ” (1980), and ” Can You Feel It ” (1980). Jackson’s work in film began in 1978, when he starred as the Scarecrow in The Wiz, a musical directed by Sidney Lumet that also starred Diana Ross , Nipsey Russell, and Ted Ross. The film was a box-office disaster.
While working on the film Jackson met Quincy Jones , who was arranging the film’s musical score, and Jones agreed to produce Jackson’s next solo album, Off the Wall .
In 1979, Jackson broke his nose during a complex dance routine.
His subsequent rhinoplasty was not a complete success; he complained of breathing difficulties that would affect his career. He was referred to Dr. Steven Hoefflin , who performed Jackson’s second rhinoplasty and subsequent operations.