Origin Aberdeen, Washington, United States
Genres Alternative rock, grunge
Years active 1987–1994
Labels Sub Pop , DGC
acts Fecal Matter Foo Fighters Sweet 75
Past members Aaron Burckhard:
This article is about the American rock band. For the UK-based 60s band, see Nirvana (British band) . For the Swedish death metal band, see Nirvana 2002 .
For other uses, see Nirvana (disambiguation) .
Nirvana was an American rock band that was formed by singer and guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington , in 1987. Nirvana went through a succession of drummers, the longest-lasting being Dave Grohl , who joined the band in 1990. Despite releasing only three full-length studio albums in their seven-year career, Nirvana has come to be regarded as one of the most influential and important rock bands of the modern era.
Formation and early years
Cobain and Novoselic met while attending Aberdeen High, although they never connected, according to Cobain. The pair eventually became friends while frequenting the practice space of the Melvins. Cobain wanted to form a band with Novoselic, but Novoselic did not respond to his requests, which included giving him a demo tape of his project Fecal Matter. Three years after the two first met, Novoselic notified Cobain that he had finally listened to the Fecal Matter demo Cobain had given him and suggested they start a group. The pair recruited Bob McFadden on drums, but after a month the project fell apart.
In early 1987, Cobain and Novoselic recruited drummer Aaron Burckhard . The three practiced material from Cobain’s Fecal Matter tape but started writing new material soon after forming.
Nirvana released its first single, ” Love Buzz”, in November 1988 on the Seattle independent record label Sub Pop . The following month, the band began recording its debut album, Bleach, with local producer Jack Endino . Bleach was highly influenced by the heavy dirge-rock of the Melvins and Mudhoney, 1980s punk rock, and the 1970s heavy metal of Black Sabbath . Novoselic said in a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone that the band had played a tape in their van while on tour that had an album by The Smithereens on one side and an album by the black metal band Celtic Frost on the other, and noted that the combination probably played an influence as well.
Disenchanted with Sub Pop and with the Smart Studios sessions generating interest, Nirvana decided to look for a deal with a major record label since no indie label could buy the group out of its contract. Following repeated recommendations by Sonic Youth’s Kim Gordon, Nirvana signed to DGC Records in 1990.
The band subsequently began recording its first major label album, Nevermind .
The group was offered a number of producers to choose from, but ultimately held out for Butch Vig.